CVE-2017-4995: Jackson Configuration Allows Code Execution with Unknown “Serialization Gadgets”
Spring by Pivotal
When configured to enable default typing, Jackson contained a deserialization vulnerability that could lead to arbitrary code execution. Jackson fixed this vulnerability by blacklisting known "deserialization gadgets".
Spring Security configures Jackson with global default typing enabled which means that through the previous exploit, arbitrary code could be executed if all of the following is true:
- Spring Security’s Jackson support is being leveraged by invoking SecurityJackson2Modules.getModules(ClassLoader) or SecurityJackson2Modules.enableDefaultTyping(ObjectMapper)
- Jackson is used to deserialize data that is not trusted. Spring Security does not perform deserialization using Jackson, so this is an explicit choice of the user.
- There is an unknown (Jackson is not blacklisting it already) “deserialization gadget” that allows code execution present on the classpath
Jackson provides a blacklisting approach to protecting against this type of attack, but Spring Security should be proactive against blocking unknown “deserialization gadgets” when Spring Security enables default typing.
Severity is low unless otherwise noted.
- Spring Security 4.2.0.RELEASE - 4.2.2.RELEASE
- Spring Security 5.0.0.M1
Users of affected versions should apply the following mitigation:
- Releases that have fixed this issue include:
- Spring Security: 4.2.3.RELEASE+
- Spring Security: 5.0.0.M2+
- The fix ensures that by default only explicitly mapped classes will be deserialized. The effect of using explicitly mapped classes is to create a whitelist which works with all supported versions of Jackson. If users explicitly opt into global default typing, the previous potentially dangerous configuration is restored.
2017-06-08: Initial vulnerability report published